Child Welfare: Centrally Sponsored Schemes - Integrated Child Development Services
Launched in 1975 in 33 Blocks of the Country, ICDS is a unique early childhood development programme aimed at addressing the health, nutrition and development needs of young children, pregnant and nursing mothers. In Meghalaya the first project was launched on an experimental basis at Songsak C&RD Block, East Garo Hills District in the same year. Since then, the Department has come a long way in expanding the ICDS projects to the 39 Community and Rural Development Blocks and 2 Urban ICDS Projects at Shillong and Tura through a network of 5896 Anganwadi Centre.
ICDS was designed to promote holistic development of children under 6 years, through the strengthened capacity of caregivers and communities with improved access to basic services at the community level.
The scheme has been re-launched in Mission Mode during 2012 as the restructured and strengthened ICDS programme with the vision to ensure holistic physical, psychosocial, cognitive and emotional development of young children under 6 years of age in a nurturing, protective, child friendly and gender sensitive family and community.
The components and core package of services under ICDS are: -
- Early Childhood Care, Education & Development (ECCED)
- Care & Nutrition Counselling
- Health Services
- Community Mobilization, Awareness, Advocacy and IEC.
|1.||Early Childhood Care, Education & Development||
|2.||Care & Nutrition Counselling||
|4.||Community Mobilization, Awareness, Advocacy and IEC||
Supplementary Nutrition Programme
Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) is one of the core components of ICDS scheme. The main objective is to bridge the calorie gap between the recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) and the Average Daily Intake (ADI) of children aged 6 months to 6 years and pregnant & lactating mothers.
The Supplementary Nutrition Programme has two components:
- Morning snacks & hot cooked meals served daily at the AWC to all children between 3-6 years attending Preschool at AWC for 25 days in a month.
- Take Home Ration in the form of RTE Energy Dense Food is given for children 6 months to 3 years and pregnant/lactating mothers.
Coverage of beneficiaries as on September 2016
Children 6 month – 3 years -- 227303
Children 3-6 years -- 247240
Pregnant and nursing mothers -- 92938
AWW & AWH
Adolescent girls (SABLA) -- 59443
Growth Monitoring of Children and Nutrition Surveillance are important activities of ICDS at the grass root level. Weight for age growth charts are maintained for all children below 5 years as per WHO Child Growth Standards. It is through this mechanism that nutritional status of children is identified to ensure early identification and intervention.
|Normal||Moderately Malnourished (yellow)||Severely Malnourished (orange)||Total No. of children weighed|
Non Formal Pre School Education/ ECCED
- Non formal preschool education for children 3-6 years is one of the most important components of ICDS. It aims at providing sustained activities through joyful play way method that will help the child to be ready for regular schooling.
- ECCE services at the AWC: - The non-formal education session are followed by Supplementary Nutrition, Growth Monitoring and other related interventions.
- Total number of beneficiaries enrolled under Non Formal Pre School Education 3-6 years is 247240 (September, 2016)
With the aim to strengthen early child care and learning environment the Department has developed Annual Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Curriculum as well as the Activity/ Working Book and Assessment Card for use in the AWC.
Specific Training for rolling out of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) services is being organized at NIPCCD, Guwahati for the State Level Master Trainers and in turn the State Level Master Trainers organizes the trainings for District Level Master Trainers for Project Level Officers and Lady Supervisors. The District Level Master Trainers organizes the trainings for the grassroot functionaries i.e. AWWs.
Kishori Shakti Yojana – KSY (Adolescent Girls Scheme)
The Scheme Kishori Shakti Yojana, is a component of ICDS Scheme. It aims at improving the nutritional health status of the adolescent girls by promoting awareness of health, hygiene, nutritional and family care. The activities also link with learning life skill and steps to become productive member. Under the scheme, unmarried BPL and school drop outs adolescent Girls in the age group 11-18 years are selected and attached to the local Anganwadi Centres for monthly sitting of learning and training activities. The scheme has two slabs i.e. Scheme I and Scheme II. Govt. of India has sanctioned 19 ICDS Projects and the scheme is operationalised in 19 ICDS Projects.
This scheme is fully state funded scheme and the scheme is also temporarily discontinued due to non-release of fund from the State Govt. for several years.
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)-SABLA
The Scheme is implemented in 22 ICDS Projects in the following Districts:-
- West Garo Hills District
- South Garo Hills District
- East Khasi Hills District
The objective of the scheme is to:
- Enable self-development and empowerment of Adolescent Girls
- Improve their Nutrition and Health Status
- Spread awareness among them about Health, Hygiene, Nutrition, Adolescent
Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) and Family and Childcare
- Upgrade their Home-based Skills, Life Skills and Vocational Skills
- Mainstream out of School Adolescent Girls into Formal/ Non Formal-Education and
- Inform and guide them about existing public services, such as PHC, CHC, Post
Office, Bank, Police Station etc.
Indira Gandhi Matritava Sehyog Yojana (IGMSY) – Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) Scheme
It is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented in the State as a pilot project in 1 (one) District i.e. in East Garo Hills, Williamnagar with 100% financial assistance from the Govt. of India. Under this scheme, pregnant and nursing mothers are provided maternity benefits. During 2013-14, the Govt. of India, to bring the amount of maternity benefit at par with the provisions of National Food Security Act, 2013, enhanced the rate from Rs.4000/- to Rs.6000/-. Further, the Govt. of India introduced the financial sharing pattern during 2015-16 i.e. 90:10.
Training of ICDS functionaries
Training is an important tool to improve the service delivery and mechanisms in the implementation of ICDS activities and services. It is an important element of ICDS for achievement of quality services and reaching goals of ICDS.
|Sl.No.||Training Centre||Sanctioned||In position||Total|
|1.||Middle Level Training Centre (MLTC)||1||1||1|
|2.||Anganwadi Training Centres (AWTCs)||2||2||2|
Training for 2016-17
|Sl.No.||Name of Course||Nos. of Training|
|1.||Job Training Course for Supervisors||2|
|2.||Refresher for Supervisors||6|
|3.||Training on ECCE for Anganwadi Workers||3|
|4.||Training on ECCE for Lady Supervisors||6|
|5.||Training on operational guidelines for food safety and hygiene in ICDS||3|
|6.||Training on community based care & management of underweight children Lady Supervisor/Anganwadi Workers||3|
|7.||Training on Growth Monitoring||4|
|8.||Advocacy on National/State ECCE policy for District, Block & Middle Level Functionaries||3|
|9.||Monitoring mechanism by District, Block & Middle Level Functionaries||4|
AWTCs ( Shillong & Tura )
|Sl.No.||Name of Course||Nos. of Training|
|1.||Job Training Course for Anganwadi Workers||11|
|2.||Refresher for Anganwadi Workers||17|
|3.||Orientation for Helpers||9|
|4.||Refresher for Helpers||11|
Construction of Anganwadi Centres
At present, 5896 AWCs/Mini AWCs are sanctioned and 5896 AWCs/ Mini AWCs are operationalized during 2016-17. The total number of AW-Buildings constructed by Social Welfare Department during Phases I to VII is 2037. In addition, 200 AW-Buildings under BRGF and 49 AW-Buildings under EAS were constructed by the C & R D Department. 500 Aw-Buildings have been sanctioned by the Ministry of Women & Child Development during 2014-15 and it is under process for construction. In addition, 790 AWCs buildings sanctioned by the Govt. of India during 2016-17. These AW-buildings will be constructed in convergence with MGNREGA scheme.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme
This is a new scheme of Govt. of India with the following objectives
• Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination.
• Ensure survival & protection of the girl child.
• Ensure education of the girl child.
It is introduced and implemented in Ri Bhoi District for cost of activities such as Inter Sectoral Consultation/Meetings and Meetings of State Task Force, Training and Capacity Building Orientation and Sensitization Programme, Innovation and Awareness Generation Activities, Monitoring and Evaluation and Documentation at State/District Level and Sectoral activities of Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It is a 100% Central Share.