Child Welfare: Centrally Sponsored Schemes - Integrated Child Development Services

Launched in 1975 in 33 Blocks of the Country, ICDS is a unique early childhood development programme aimed at addressing the health, nutrition and development needs of young children, pregnant and nursing mothers. In Meghalaya the first project was launched on an experimental basis at Songsak C&RD Block, East Garo Hills District in the same year. Since then, the Department has come a long way in expanding the ICDS projects to the 39 Community and Rural Development Blocks and 2 Urban ICDS Projects at Shillong and Tura through a network of 5896 Anganwadi Centre.

ICDS Services

ICDS was designed to promote holistic development of children under 6 years, through the strengthened capacity of caregivers and communities with improved access to basic services at the community level.

The scheme has been re-launched in Mission Mode during 2012 as the restructured and strengthened ICDS programme with the vision to ensure holistic physical, psychosocial, cognitive and emotional development of young children under 6 years of age in a nurturing, protective, child friendly and gender sensitive family and community.

The components and core package of services under ICDS are: -

  1. Early Childhood Care, Education & Development (ECCED)
  1. Care & Nutrition Counselling
  2. Health Services
  1. Community Mobilization, Awareness, Advocacy and IEC.
 Sl. No. Component Services
1. Early Childhood Care, Education & Development
  • Early Childhood Care & Education (ECCE)/ Non-formal Pre School Education
  • Supplementary Nutrition.
2. Care & Nutrition Counselling
  • Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Promotion and Counselling.
  • Maternal Care and Counselling
  • Care, Nutrition, Health and Hygiene Education
  • Community based care and Management of underweight children
 3. Health Services
  • Immunization and Micronutrient supplementation
  • Health Check-up
  • Referral Services
4. Community Mobilization, Awareness, Advocacy and IEC
  • IEC, Campaigns, Drives etc.

Supplementary Nutrition Programme

Supplementary Nutrition Programme

Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) is  one  of  the  core  components  of  ICDS scheme.  The  main  objective  is  to  bridge  the  calorie  gap  between  the  recommended  Dietary Allowance (RDA)  and  the  Average  Daily  Intake  (ADI)  of  children  aged  6 months  to  6  years and  pregnant &  lactating  mothers.

The Supplementary Nutrition Programme has two components:

  1. Morning  snacks  &  hot  cooked  meals  served  daily  at  the  AWC  to  all  children  between  3-6 years  attending  Preschool  at  AWC  for  25  days  in  a  month.
  2. Take Home Ration in the form of RTE Energy Dense Food is given for children 6 months  to  3  years   and  pregnant/lactating  mothers.

Supplementary Nutrition Programme

Coverage of beneficiaries as on September 2016
Children 6 month – 3 years                --    227303
Children 3-6 years                               --    247240                 
Pregnant and nursing mothers           --      92938
AWW & AWH
Adolescent girls (SABLA)                  --       59443

Growth Monitoring of Children and Nutrition Surveillance are important activities of ICDS at the grass root level. Weight for age growth charts are maintained for all children below 5 years as per WHO Child Growth Standards. It is through this mechanism that nutritional status of children is identified to ensure early identification and intervention.

Supplementary Nutrition Programme

Nutritional Status of Children (As per MPRs) September 2016
Classification of Nutritional Status
Normal Moderately Malnourished (yellow) Severely Malnourished (orange) Total No. of children weighed
272895 50663 268 323826

Non Formal Pre School Education/ ECCED

  • Non  formal preschool  education for children 3-6 years is  one  of  the  most  important  components of  ICDS. It  aims at  providing sustained  activities  through  joyful  play way  method  that  will  help  the  child to  be  ready for  regular  schooling.
  • ECCE services at the AWC: - The non-formal education session are followed by Supplementary Nutrition, Growth Monitoring and other related interventions.
  • Total number of beneficiaries enrolled under Non Formal Pre School Education  3-6 years  is  247240 (September, 2016)

 

With  the  aim  to  strengthen  early child  care and  learning  environment  the Department has developed Annual Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Curriculum as  well  as  the  Activity/ Working  Book and Assessment Card for use in the AWC.

Supplementary Nutrition Programme

Specific Training for rolling out of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) services is being organized at NIPCCD, Guwahati for the State Level  Master  Trainers  and  in  turn  the  State  Level  Master  Trainers  organizes  the  trainings  for District Level  Master  Trainers  for Project Level Officers  and  Lady  Supervisors.  The  District  Level  Master  Trainers  organizes  the  trainings  for  the grassroot functionaries  i.e. AWWs.

Kishori Shakti Yojana – KSY (Adolescent Girls Scheme)

The Scheme Kishori Shakti Yojana, is a component of ICDS Scheme. It aims at improving the nutritional health status of the adolescent girls by promoting awareness of health, hygiene, nutritional and family care. The activities also link with learning life skill and steps to become productive member.  Under the scheme, unmarried BPL and school drop outs adolescent Girls in the age group 11-18 years are selected and attached to the local Anganwadi Centres for monthly sitting of learning and training activities. The scheme has two slabs i.e. Scheme I and Scheme II. Govt. of India has sanctioned 19 ICDS Projects and the scheme is operationalised in 19 ICDS Projects.

This  scheme  is  fully  state  funded  scheme  and  the  scheme  is  also  temporarily  discontinued  due  to  non-release  of  fund  from  the  State  Govt.  for  several  years.

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)-SABLA

 The Scheme is implemented in 22 ICDS Projects in the following Districts:-

  • West Garo Hills District
  • South Garo Hills District
  • East Khasi Hills District

The objective of the scheme is to:

  • Enable self-development and empowerment of Adolescent Girls
  • Improve their Nutrition and Health Status
  • Spread awareness among them about Health, Hygiene, Nutrition, Adolescent

Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) and Family and Childcare

  • Upgrade their Home-based Skills, Life Skills and Vocational Skills
  • Mainstream out of School Adolescent Girls into Formal/ Non Formal-Education  and
  •  Inform and guide them about existing public services, such as PHC, CHC, Post

Office, Bank, Police Station etc.

Indira Gandhi Matritava Sehyog Yojana (IGMSY) – Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) Scheme

It is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented in the State as a pilot project in 1 (one) District i.e. in East Garo Hills, Williamnagar with 100% financial assistance from the Govt. of India.  Under  this  scheme,  pregnant  and  nursing  mothers are  provided  maternity  benefits. During  2013-14,   the  Govt.  of  India,  to  bring  the  amount  of  maternity  benefit  at  par  with  the  provisions  of  National  Food  Security  Act,  2013,  enhanced  the  rate  from  Rs.4000/-  to  Rs.6000/-.  Further,  the  Govt.  of  India  introduced  the  financial  sharing  pattern  during  2015-16  i.e.  90:10.

Training  of  ICDS  functionaries

Training  is  an  important  tool  to  improve  the  service  delivery  and  mechanisms  in  the  implementation  of  ICDS  activities  and  services. It  is  an  important  element  of  ICDS  for  achievement  of  quality  services  and  reaching goals  of  ICDS.

Sl.No. Training  Centre Sanctioned In  position Total
1. Middle Level Training Centre (MLTC) 1 1 1
2. Anganwadi Training Centres (AWTCs) 2 2 2
  Total 3 3 3

Training

Training  for  2016-17
MLTC  (Shillong)

Sl.No. Name  of  Course Nos.  of  Training
1. Job Training Course for Supervisors 2
2. Refresher for  Supervisors 6
3. Training on ECCE for Anganwadi Workers 3
4. Training on ECCE for Lady Supervisors 6
5. Training on operational guidelines for food safety and hygiene in ICDS 3
6. Training on community based care & management of underweight children Lady Supervisor/Anganwadi Workers 3
7. Training on Growth Monitoring 4
8. Advocacy on National/State ECCE policy for District, Block & Middle Level Functionaries 3
9. Monitoring mechanism by District, Block & Middle Level Functionaries 4

AWTCs  ( Shillong  &  Tura )

Sl.No. Name  of  Course Nos.  of  Training
1. Job Training Course for Anganwadi Workers 11
2. Refresher for  Anganwadi Workers 17
3. Orientation for Helpers 9
4. Refresher for Helpers 11

Construction  of  Anganwadi  Centres

At  present,  5896  AWCs/Mini AWCs   are  sanctioned  and  5896  AWCs/ Mini AWCs   are  operationalized  during  2016-17.  The  total  number  of   AW-Buildings   constructed   by  Social  Welfare  Department  during  Phases  I  to  VII    is  2037.  In  addition,   200  AW-Buildings  under  BRGF  and  49  AW-Buildings  under  EAS   were   constructed   by  the C & R D  Department.  500  Aw-Buildings  have  been  sanctioned  by  the  Ministry  of  Women  &  Child  Development  during  2014-15  and  it  is  under  process  for    construction.  In  addition,  790  AWCs  buildings  sanctioned  by  the  Govt.  of  India  during  2016-17.  These  AW-buildings will  be  constructed  in  convergence  with  MGNREGA  scheme.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme

This is a new scheme of Govt. of India with the following objectives
• Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination.
• Ensure survival & protection of the girl child.
• Ensure education of the girl child.

It is introduced and implemented in Ri Bhoi District for cost of activities such as Inter Sectoral Consultation/Meetings and Meetings of State Task Force, Training and Capacity Building Orientation and Sensitization Programme, Innovation and Awareness Generation Activities, Monitoring and Evaluation and Documentation at State/District Level and Sectoral activities of Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It is a 100% Central Share.