Child Welfare: Centrally Sponsored Schemes - Integrated Child Development Scheme

1. Integrated Child Development Scheme (I.C.D.S)

- The Integrated Child Development Services Programme is one of the World’s most unique Community Based outreach programmes for early childhood and development.

2. Pattern

A Centrally Sponsored Scheme, wherein the Government of India is responsible for programme planning and Operating costs and the State Government is responsible for programme implementation and supplementary nutrition.

3. The ICDS Team

  • Anganwadi Helpers
  • Anganwadi Workers (AWWs)
  • Supervisors
  • Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs)
  • Additional Child Development Project Officers (ACDPOs) are also a part of the team in larger rural and tribal projects.
  • Medical Officers
  • Lady Health Visitors (LHVs)
  • Female health workers or ANMs
  • Primary Health Centres and sub-centres form a team with social welfare/ ICDS functionaries to implement the ICDS Programme.
  • AWW is a community based frontline worker and a backbone of the ICDS programme.
ICDS Projects, actions and achievements
    Sanctioned Achievement
41 ICDS Projects sanctioned by Government of India 41 41
3388 No. of Anganwadi centres sanctioned by Government of India 3881 3864
  Mini AWC 1234 1232


  • To lay the foundation for the proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
  • To improve the Nutritional and Health Status of children below the age of six years.
  • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropouts.
  • To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation among various departments to promote child development.
  • To enhance the Capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of he child, through proper health and nutrition education.

3. Nutrition

Food Chart for January - March 2013 (219 Kb)

Coverage of Nutrition, moderate malnutrition grade II, severely malnutrition grade 2 and 4 per cent
Coverage of nutritional status (%) Moderate malnutrition Grade II (%) Severely malnutrition Grade II & IV (%)
46.09 7.31 0.09
NHED activities organised by the AWCs total number of women who participated, number of health staff participated
NHED activities organised
(No. of AWCs)
Total women participated in AWCs Audio Visual used for NHED
(No. of AWCs)
No. of Health Staff participated
3446 439905 2899 10318

4. Health

  • Immunisation
  • Health Check-ups
  • Referral services
  • Treatment of minor illness

5. Convergence

Other Supportive services such as safe drinking water, environmental sanitation, women’s empowerment programme Social Welfare and Community Participation.

6. Early Childhood care and development

Pre School Social Welfare component under the ICDS is a crucial component to ensure holistic development of children 3 – 6 years.

Coverage of beneficiaries
No. of children attending PSE regularly Total
76703 76305 153008

7. Adolescent Girl’s Scheme – Kishori Shakti Yojana

The Adolescent Girl’s Scheme is being implemented through Anganwadi Centres in the 23 (twenty three) ICDS Projects in the State. The objective of the scheme is to increase self-confidence, boost moral and give dignity. The adolescent girls scheme (KSY) has been designed to include 2 sub-schemes viz. Scheme I (Girl to Girl Approach) and Scheme II (Balika Mandal).

8. Pre School Social Welfare Kits

Recognising the two-fold significance of early childhood education – its direct influence on development of the child through early stimulation and its potential contribution to the goal of Universal Elementary Social Welfare, the Government of India provide pre-school kits in all the Anganwadi Centres.

9. Medicine Kits

As a vital input to provide the essential services of health check up and referral services each anganwadi centre is provided every year with medicine kit consisting of easy to use and dispensable medicines to remedy common ailments like cough and common cold, skin infections etc

10. Construction of Anganwadi Centres

Government of India have sanctioned for construction of anganwadi centres as a special consideration for the North East. In Meghalaya, 1725 Anganwadi centres were sanctioned till date for construction.

Status of Anganwadi Centre Constructions


Sanctioned Completed Under Construction Yet to be started/Under process
Total 1866 1418 250 198
Phase – I 310 301 9 --
Phase – II 390 390 0 --
Phase – III 598 445 98 55
Phase – IV 390 248 81 61
Phase – V 178 34 62 82